Research Articles

Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Pain Management: A Systematic Narrative Review

rTMS can be used to treat neuropathic pain caused by a range of conditions. With a large range of pain types and origins, it is important to assess just how effective rTMS is in treating individual pain conditions to ensure the most beneficial treatment outcomes. In this paper (published in 2020), the authors review the current literature on rTMS and pain management, to examine the current protocols and efficacy of rTMS as a treatment method. The paper outlines the effectiveness of rTMS in treating pain, and the degree of evidence for each condition.

The review covers a large range of pain conditions, including neuropathic pain (such as central pain and pain from peripheral nerve disorders, fibromyalgia, and migraine), orofacial pain (such as trigeminal neuralgia, phantom limb pain, low back pain, myofascial pain syndrome, pelvic pain, and complex regional pain syndrome), and various bodily pain conditions (such as postherpetic  neuralgia, brachial plexus injury, postsurgical pain, chronic visceral pain, somatoform pain disorder, knee osteoarthritis, and hemiplegic shoulder).

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